Many believe that the demand of unconditional surrender prolong the war in Europe; it was useful for German domestic propaganda which encourage further resistance against the Allied armies, and it discouraged the German resistance movement from making any attempts at seizing power without any sort of assurance from the Allies that such action would improve the treatment meted out to their country.

The demand for unconditional surrender and its consequences it has also been suggested led to the occupation of much of Europe by the Soviet Union.