GLOBAL NUCLEAR STOCKPILE 1945-2002

  



THE FIVE MAJOR NUCLEAR POWERS CURRENTLY HAVE MORE than 20,000 nuclear warheads in their arsenals, as shown in the table below. But this does not include a number of intact Russian nuclear warheads of indeterminate status-possibly as many as 10,000. Of the more than 30,000 intact warheads belonging to the world's eight nuclear weapon states, the vast majority (96 percent) are in U.S. or Russian stockpiles. About 17,500 of these warheads are considered operational. The rest are in reserve or retired and awaiting dismantlement.

Since 1945, more than 128,000 nuclear warheads have been built worldwide-all but 2 percent of them by the United States (55 percent) and the Soviet Union or Russia (43 percent). Since the Cold War ended, more and more warheads in U.S. and Russian stockpiles are being moved from operational status into various reserve, inactive, or contingency categories.

 


Stopped watch showing the time the bomb was droped on Hiroshima



CONTENTS
- introduction
- the first atomic bomb
- hiroshima
- nagasaky
- aftermath
- fatal decision
- nuclear arms race
- consequences
- against the bomb.

See also:
war and the environment
scientists responsibility
science and understanding
war and peace
albert einstein
joseph rotblat

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Year US USSR Britain France China Israel India Pakistan Total
1945 6 6
1946 11 11
1947 32 32
1948 110 110
1949 235 1 236
1950 369 5 374
1951 640 25 665
1952 1005 50 1055
1953 1436 120 1 1557
1954 2063 150 5 2218
1955 3057 200 10 3267
1956 4618 426 15 5059
1957 6444 660 20 7124
1958 9822 869 22 19713
1959 15468 1060 25 16,553
1960 20434 1605 30 22,069
1961 24111 2471 50 26,632
1962 27297 3322 205 30824
1963 29249 4238 280 33767
1964 30751 5221 310 4 1 36287
1965 31642 6129 310 32 5 38118
1966 31700 7089 270 36 20 39115
1967 30893 8339 270 36 25 no na 39563
1968 28884 9399 280 36 35 no na 38634
1969 26910 10538 308 36 50 no na 37842
1970 26119 11643 280 36 75 no na 38153
1971 26365 13092 220 45 100 no na 39822
1972 27296 14487 220 70 130 no na 42194
1973 28335 15915 275 116 150 no na 44791
1974 28170 17385 325 145 170 no na 46195
1975 27052 19005 350 188 185 no na 46830
1976 25956 21205 350 212 190 no na 47913
1977 25099 23044 350 228 200 no na 48920
1978 24243 25393 350 235 220 no na 50441
1979 24107 27935 350 250 235 no na 52862
1980 23764 30062 350 274 280 no na 54706
1981 23031 32049 350 274 330 no na 56034
1982 22937 33953 335 279 360 no na 57858
1983 23154 35804 320 280 380 no na 59837
1984 23228 37431 270 360 415 no na 61624
1985 23135 39197 300 355 425 no na 63417
1986 23254 40723 300 420 425 no na 65057
1987 23490 38859 300 410 415 no na 63484
1988 23077 37333 300 410 430 no na 61550
1989 22174 35805 300 505 435 no na 59124
1990 21211 33417 300 540 430 no na 55863
1991 18306 28595 300 540 435 no na 48176
1992 13731 25155 300 525 435 no na 40161
1993 11536 22101 300 510 435 no na 34897
1994 11012 18399 240 500 400 no na 30571
1995 10953 14978 300 500 400 no na no na no na 27131
1996 10886 12095 300 450 400 no na no na no na 24121
1997 10829 11264 260 450 400 no na no na no na 23203
1998 10763 10764 260 450 400 no na no na no na 22637
1999 10698 10451 185 450 400 no na no na no na 22184
2000 10615 10201 185 470 400 no na no na no na 21871
2001 10491 9126 200 350 400 no na no na no na 2-567
2002 10600 8600 200 350 400 no na no na no na 20150
Believed to have 200 45-95 24-48

 
     

 
 

 

 
            
     

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