In his address at the unveiling of the memorial King Edward VIII said, ‘It is a memorial to no man, but a memorial for a nation.’ For Canada, as for the other white colonies of Australia and New Zealand this was a coming of age. The blood of their men and sorrow of their families was the cost of their emerging independence and the birth of national pride. This was 1936 and a few short years later they would be invited to another, much bloodier war, the seeds of which were sown in the war that gave them their proud nationhood.

The 6,000 ton memorial sits on some 11,000 tons of steel and concrete to stop it sliding down the hill and is surrounded by dozens of Canadian cemeteries. It took some 14 years to build and is covered with symbolic figures quite unlike any other such memorial. Peace, Justice, Truth and Knowledge are there and the Spirit of Sacrifice (giving all, according to Veterans Affairs Canada) is throwing the torch to his comrades.

One of the symbolic group called the ‘Defenders’ also sets this memorial apart from most others.